Media assumes an indispensable part in moulding the psyche of the general public and it is equipped for changing the entire perspective through which individuals see different occasions. Deplorable violations should be censured and the media should advocate in requiring the culprits to be punished as per the law. Nonetheless, the media can't usurp the elements of the legal executive and go astray from evenhanded and impartial revealing. While a media shackled by government guidelines is undesirable for any democracy, but the ramifications of proceeded with unaccountability are much worse.
Article 19(1) (a) of the Indian Constitution, talks about freedom of speech and expression within which freedom of press is also included. The presence of a free, autonomous and ground-breaking media is the foundation of any democracy, particularly of an exceptionally blended society like India. Media isn't simply a medium to communicate one's sentiments, assessments and perspectives, however it is likewise capable and instrumental for building suppositions and perspectives on different subjects of national and global plans. The vital part of the media is its capacity to prepare the minds of millions. Increasing role of the media in the present globalized and well informed world was suitably placed in the expressions of Justice Learned Hand of the United States Supreme Court when he said, "The hand that leads the press, the radio, the screen and the far spread magazine, runs the country
In any case, there are consistently different sides of a coin. With this booming role and significance connected to the media, the requirement for its responsibility and demonstrable skill in reportage can't be underlined enough. In a common society no privilege to opportunity, howsoever significant it very well may be, can be viewed as supreme, limitless, or inadequate in all conditions. The Media’s freedom, similar to some other freedoms perceived under the Constitution must be practiced inside sensible limits. Essentially, the opportunity under Article 19(1) (a) is correlative with the obligation not to abuse anyIn an undeniably competitive market for commanding the notice of its subscribers media reports regularly distorts the reality and fall for sensationalisation. The privacy of those being covered is breached amidst the quest for intrusive newsgathering. The issue discovers its most noticeably terrible appearance when the media broadly covers sub judice matters by distributing content and conclusions that are unmistakably biased and which hamper with the justice delivery system.
As of late there have been various occasions in which media has led gruesome trials and has passed the decision even before the court. In the murder case of Aarushi Talwar, the media made it apparent that the murder was committed by the father, Rajesh Talwar, and the mother, Nupur Talwar, but later the court in its judgement pronounced them not guilty. The question is that did the decision of the court mattered? Thanks to the media in the eyes of the society they were the ones who killed their teenage daughter. In the recent suicide of Sushant Singh Rajput similar trial occurred. It declared an innocent girl, Rhea Chakraborty, as the master mind and is the reason behind his ‘alleged murder’. This is how one describes a Media Trial. It has deep impact on the person’s reputation as widespread perception of guilt is created regardless of the verdict given by the judiciary.